Diabetics and Ramadan fasting
Ramadan fasting may be safe for some diabetics, but they have to follow some things to prevent complications during fasting. Some of the major potential complications associated with fasting for diabetics are :
Low intake of food is a known risk factor for hypoglycemia. Lower blood sugar rates in patients with type 2 diabetes compared with type 1 diabetes.
Blood in high blood sugar
if the patient does not adhere to a particular diet, eating too much sugar and too much food can lead to high blood sugar and therefore undesirable complications.
Diabetic ketone acidosis
Patients with diabetes, especially type 1 diabetes, during fasting during Ramadan are at increased risk of high ketone acidosis, especially if there is a rise in blood sugar and a lack of blood sugar control before Ramadan. In addition, the risk of ketosis may increase due to reduced insulin doses on the assumption that there is a reduction in the amount of food during this month.
this can happen if your blood glucose level is too high above 200 mg. Your body tries to lower blood sugar by passing urine (if the patient is fasting and cannot drink water, the blood sugar level will increase and worsen).
Diabetes should be followed to prevent complications in Ramadan
- Audit of the physician before the start of Ramadan, to determine the ability of the patient to fast and amendment of the treatment and the doses if necessary.
- The commitment to addressing the suhur and delayed to the nearest time before dawn prayer, and avoid a fall sugar.
- The exercise of the laborious activities during the day and especially in recent times of fasting to prevent the fall of sugar.
- The excessive eating and sugar in breakfast hours; to avoid high sugar level in blood.
- Should monitor the patient sugar level in blood before breakfast and after three hours. Monitoring should be sugar level before the evening meal to adjust the insulin dose and prevent the occurrence of lack of blood sugar or high blood sugar.
- If the patient symptoms sugar shortage of such as sweating and feeling of hunger, interference of the vision and the dilemma and other symptoms of the diabetes patients to eat to avoid complications such as entry into coma.